Organ recital by Pascal REBER
published on 20/11/2011 in 2011

The mardi 13 décembre 2011 à 20h30

Mardi 13 décembre 2011 à 20h30

The great organ of Notre-Dame de Paris is part of the sound space and architecture of the Cathedral. It is one of the main elements of the liturgical and musical life of the Cathedral and contributes to the beauty of the offices and the spiritual and artistic radiance of Notre-Dame de Paris.

 

Program

Marcel Dupré (1886-1971)
Symphonie Passion, op. 23, 1er mouvement, Le Monde dans l’attente du Sauveur

Jean - Sébastien Bach (1685-1750)
Chorale Nun KOMM der Heiden Heiland, BWV 659
Prélude et fugue en la mineur

Maurice Duruflé (1902-1986)
Scherzo, op. 2

Charles-Marie Widor (1844-1937)
Fifth Symphony, op. 42, premier mouvement

Pascal Reber
Deux paraphrases sur le temps de l’Avent :
Paraphrase sur « Nun komm der Heiden Heiland »
Paraphrase sur « Rorate Caeli » – création-

Olivier Messiaen (1908-1992)
The Nativity of the Lord, extraits : I. The Virgin and the child, IX. God among Us

 

Pascal REBER
import-1661.jpgSon apprentissage de la musique commença au Conservatoire de Mulhouse auprès de Suzanne Muller-Gunst pour le piano, et de Maurice Moerlen pour l’orgue et l’écriture musicale. En 1982, il est accepté au Conservatoire National de Strasbourg dans les classes d’orgue et d’improvisation de Daniel Roth, d’accompagnement au piano de Charles Schwarz, ainsi que d’écriture de Robert Pfrimmer, Pierre-Yves Meugé et Odile Charvet. Par ailleurs, il a fréquenté la classe de musique de chambre de Detlev Kieffer.

En 1990, il complète sa formation par un cycle dans l’art de l’improvisation à l’École supérieure de musique (Hochschule für Musik) de Sarrebruck auprès de Daniel Roth. Il a également participé aux académies d’orgue de Masevaux et de Saint-Bertrand de Comminges avec Michel Chapuis et Louis Robilliard ou encore à des masterclasses de Michel Chapuis en musique ancienne et en interprétation à l’orgue des œuvres de Bach.

Il occupe les postes d’organiste titulaire de l’orgue Cavaillé-Coll de l’Église saint-Étienne de Mulhouse et organiste à la Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Strasbourg dès 1995. Il a été nommé titulaire du grand orgue Kern en nid d’hirondelle de la cathédrale à la suite d’un concours international en 2002.

Son travail se prolonge dans une activité de composition musicale et ce concertiste. Il a à son actif des œuvres pour orgue, chœur, piano ou encore de musique de chambre, etc. Il donne régulièrement des concerts en France, en Allemagne ou en Suisse. Occasionnellement, il a été amené à se produire dans des pays plus éloignés tels que le Danemark, le Japon, la Pologne ou la Hongrie. En tant qu’interprète, il a été conduit a réaliser plusieurs enregistrements discographiques. Sa pratique de l’improvisation est régulièrement exercée tant lors des concerts que des enregistrements.

Son activité professionnelle le conduit également vers l’enseignement : à l’École d’orgue diocésaine d’Alsace pour la formation des organistes liturgiques depuis 1983, au Conservatoire de Strasbourg en tant que chargé de cours accompagnateur des classes de chant, hautbois, violon, cors de 1988 à 1991, au Conservatoire de Mulhouse en tant que professeur d’orgue de 1993 à 1995, ou en intervenant lors de masterclasses ou des stages d’orgue.

Depuis 1991, il est également pianiste-répétiteur au ballet de l’Opéra national du Rhin, et depuis 2009 il est professeur d’orgue et accompagnateur au conservatoire de Saint-Louis (68).

 

The great organ of Notre-Dame de Paris

There were undoubtedly organs at Notre-Dame Paris from its construction in the 12Th century but Léonin , composer of Organa, founder of the Ecole Notre-Dame and qualified as Optimus organista, then Perotin the great (1160-1220), probably knew only of the small instruments in the choir. As a great organ is probably built in Notre Dame in the the 13Th century. In 1330 the accounts of the Cathedral mention the payment of stamps to an organist. A few years later appears the name of Jean de Bruges, organist and perhaps also organ factor. The instrument is then suspended in "swallow's nest" under a high window of the nave : this is a still modest 6-foot organ with a single keyboard with 4-6 pipes per note. In 1401 one decides to construct a new organ on the stone grandstand above the large West Gate. Since that date, 50 organists have succeeded in the keyboards of the great organ suspended under the sunset rosette.

One of the first, in 1450, was the famous author of the true mystery of passion, Arnoul Gréban. From century to century, the great organ grows and is the subject of multiple restorations and reconstructions until, in the eighteenth century, to take the proportions that he still has now. At each time the organ of Notre Dame is the subject of the most attentive care and is endowed with new games and technical improvements; However, the organ factors focus on retaining the best of the previous strata and that is why it still exist today some pipes of the medieval period.

The great organ escapes the turmoil of the revolution, thanks undoubtedly to the interpretation of patriotic music such as those composed in 1792 by the organist Balbastre, author of variations on the Marseillaise and the air will be fine. In 1868, after the work of the organ factor Aristide Cavaillé-Coll , initiated by the architect Viollet-le-Duc. , it finds its symphonic fullness with 86 games, on 5 keyboards and pedal.

Louis Vierne, organist from 1900 to 1937, modifies it twice and Pierre Cochereau, organist from 1955 to 1984, increases and modernizes from 1963 to 1975. Then in 1992, it is subject to a complete restoration which allows to restore the Symphonic sonorities of the organ of Cavaillé-Coll while preserving the previous strata (XVII and XVIII centuries) and associating the undeniable contributions of the contemporary world.

Authentic witness of several centuries of music and the Bill of French organs, the great organ of Notre-Dame de Paris is one of the few French instruments that allow to serve with sincerity and emotion of many repertoires and to arouse creation through musical composition and improvisation.

It can be heard during the Dominican offices under the fingers of one of the three titular organists (Olivier LATRY, Philippe LEFEBVRE And Jean - Pierre LEGUAY) and the Sunday afternoon before the Office of Vespers (except Sundays in lent time) during a Hearing given by guest organists, from all over the world to play this prestigious instrument, or by one of the incumbent organists on the days of great festivals. These hearings have hosted thousands of Organists from all five continents. In addition, organ recitals are organized in the evening as part of the concert season of theSacred Music Association at Notre-Dame de Paris.

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Find all the concerts of the 2011-2012 season by clicking here.

 

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Christmas time at Notre-Dame de Paris

The crib, from the first Sunday of Advent (Saturday, November 28, 2011) to the feast of the presentation of Jesus at the temple (Thursday, February 2, 2012).
The Nocturnes of the crib, every Saturday and Sunday until 20:45.
The tree on the forecourt, from the first Sunday of Advent (Saturday, November 28, 2011) to the feast of the presentation of Jesus at the temple (Thursday, February 2, 2011).
The Advent Lyrics , on Sunday 27 November, 4, 11 and 18 December 2011 at 17h20.
The Christmas Concert, Tuesday 20 December 2011 at 20:30.
Christmas OfficesOn December 24th and 25th.
The CD At the coming of Christmas , bringing together the musical formations of the cathedral.
The Gregorian chant concert Puer natus is , Thursday 29 December 2011 at 20:30.
The solemnity of Saint Mary, mother of God, 45th world day of peace, on Sunday, January 1, 2012.
The solemnity of the Lord's Epiphany, on Sunday, January 8, 2012.

but also:
The recital at the great organ by Henri-Franck BEAUPÉRIN, Tuesday, November 29th, 2011 at 8:30 pm.
The concert «Ave Maria» Marian Polyphonies of the Renaissance and today , Tuesday, December 6, 2011 at 8.30 pm.
The solemnity of the Immaculate Conception, on Thursday, 8 December 2011, and prayer vigil around the Holy Crown of thorns at 20:00.
The mass of Saint Éloi, on Sunday 11 December 2011 at 10:00 am.
The Feast of Our Lady of Guadalupe, Monday, December 12, 2011 at 6:15 pm.
The recital at the great organ by Pascal REBER, Tuesday, December 13th, 2011 at 8:30 pm.

Light a candle at Notre-Dame