Recital to the great organs by Philippe LEFEBVRE
Posted on 04/05/2011 in 2011

The lundi 4 juillet 2011 à 20h30

Monday 4 July 2011 at 20:30

Philippe LEFEBVRE, organiste titulaire, donnera ce récital aux grandes orgues dans le cadre de la saison de concert d’été de Sacred Music at Notre-Dame de Paris.

 

Program
Jean-Sébastien BACH (1685-1750)
Fantaisie et fugue en sol mineur BWV 542
Pièce d’orgue en sol majeur BWV 572
Fantaisie chromatique et fugue en ré mineur BWV 903

César FRANCK (1822-1890)
Troisième choral en la mineur
Cantabile
Pièce Héroïque

Franz LISZT (1811-1886)
Prélude et fugue sur le nom de B.A.C.H.

Philippe LEFEBVRE
– Improvisation

 

 

Philippe LEFEBVRE

Depuis 1985, Philippe Lefebvre est organiste titulaire du Grand Orgue de Notre-Dame de Paris avec Olivier Latry And Jean - Pierre Leguay.

Philippe LEFEBVRE découvre l’orgue à l’âge de 15 ans à la tribune de Notre-Dame de Paris où il rencontre le célèbre organiste Pierre COCHEREAU. Après des études au Conservatoire de Lille il entre au Conservatoire National Supérieur de Musique de Paris où il obtient les premiers prix d’orgue, d’improvisation, de fugue et de contrepoint.

A l’âge de 19 ans il est nommé organiste de la cathédrale d’Arras et obtient quelques années plus tard le Prix de la Fondation de la Vocation et en 1971 le Premier prix d’improvisation du concours international de Lyon.

En 1973 il remporte le grand prix d’improvisation du concours international de Chartres et devient ensuite organiste titulaire de cette prestigieuse cathédrale. Dès lors, sa carrière le conduit dans le monde entier où il est l’invité des grands festivals tant en soliste qu’avec orchestre. Il donne régulièrement des concerts et des master-classes en Europe, aux Etats-Unis, au Japon, en Russie et dans les pays de l’Est et réalise de nombreux enregistrements discographiques.

En 1985 il est nommé organiste titulaire de Notre-Dame de Paris où, avec Olivier LATRY et Jean-Pierre LEGUAY, il succède à son maître Pierre COCHEREAU.

Parallèlement à sa carrière de concertiste Philippe LEFEBVRE est aussi « manager » et a été pendant plus de vingt ans directeur du Conservatoire National de Lille, le plus ancien de France, qui sous sa direction est devenu l’un des plus réputés avec 1700 élèves.
Il a ensuite été nommé directeur de la Maîtrise de la Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris et depuis plusieurs années il est professeur d’improvisation au Conservatoire National Supérieur de Musique de Paris.

Depuis 2007, Philippe LEFEBVRE, tout en étant organiste titulaire de la Cathédrale, est le directeur général des services de la Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris.

Il est considéré comme l’un des interprètes et improvisateurs les plus représentatifs de l’art français.

 

The great organ of Notre-Dame de Paris

There were undoubtedly organs at Notre-Dame Paris from its construction in the 12Th century but Léonin , composer of Organa, founder of the Ecole Notre-Dame and qualified as Optimus organista, then Perotin the great (1160-1220), probably knew only of the small instruments in the choir. As a great organ is probably built in Notre Dame in the the 13Th century. In 1330 the accounts of the Cathedral mention the payment of stamps to an organist. A few years later appears the name of Jean de Bruges, organist and perhaps also organ factor. The instrument is then suspended in "swallow's nest" under a high window of the nave : this is a still modest 6-foot organ with a single keyboard with 4-6 pipes per note. In 1401 one decides to construct a new organ on the stone grandstand above the large West Gate. Since that date, 50 organists have succeeded in the keyboards of the great organ suspended under the sunset rosette.

One of the first, in 1450, was the famous author of the true mystery of passion, Arnoul Gréban. From century to century, the great organ grows and is the subject of multiple restorations and reconstructions until, in the eighteenth century, to take the proportions that he still has now. At each time the organ of Notre Dame is the subject of the most attentive care and is endowed with new games and technical improvements; However, the organ factors focus on retaining the best of the previous strata and that is why it still exist today some pipes of the medieval period.

The great organ escapes the turmoil of the revolution, thanks undoubtedly to the interpretation of patriotic music such as those composed in 1792 by the organist Balbastre, author of variations on the Marseillaise and the air will be fine. In 1868, after the work of the organ factor Aristide Cavaillé-Coll , initiated by the architect Viollet-le-Duc. , it finds its symphonic fullness with 86 games, on 5 keyboards and pedal.

Louis Vierne, organist from 1900 to 1937, modifies it twice and Pierre Cochereau, organist from 1955 to 1984, increases and modernizes from 1963 to 1975. Then in 1992, it is subject to a complete restoration which allows to restore the Symphonic sonorities of the organ of Cavaillé-Coll while preserving the previous strata (XVII and XVIII centuries) and associating the undeniable contributions of the contemporary world.

Authentic witness of several centuries of music and the Bill of French organs, the great organ of Notre-Dame de Paris is one of the few French instruments that allow to serve with sincerity and emotion of many repertoires and to arouse creation through musical composition and improvisation.

It can be heard during the Dominican offices under the fingers of one of the three titular organists (Olivier LATRY, Philippe LEFEBVRE And Jean - Pierre LEGUAY) and the Sunday afternoon before the Office of Vespers (except Sundays in lent time) during a Hearing given by guest organists, from all over the world to play this prestigious instrument, or by one of the incumbent organists on the days of great festivals. These hearings have hosted thousands of Organists from all five continents. In addition, organ recitals are organized in the evening as part of the concert season of theSacred Music Association at Notre-Dame de Paris.

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The concerts of the summer season July-August 2011 Sacred Music at Notre-Dame de Paris

Monday 4 July 2011 at 20:30 : Récital aux grandes orgues par Philippe LEFEBVRE

Monday 11 July 2011 at 20:30 : Gregorian Chant, Medieval music

Monday 25 July 2011 at 8.30 pm : Soloists of Notre-Dame de Paris and great organs

Saturday, August 13th 2011 at 8:30 pm : Concert of the assumption, Gregorian chant and large organ

Monday 22 August 2011 at 20:30 : Soloists of Notre-Dame de Paris and great organs

 

Light a candle at Notre-Dame