Gregorian chant concert "legend of St. Nicholas"
Posted on 17/01/2011 in 2011

The mardi 8 mars 2011 à 20h30

Mardi 8 mars 2011 à 20h30

Master of Notre-Dame de Paris,
Ensemble grégorien
Ensemble instrumental
Direction, Sylvain DIEUDONNÉ

 

Saint Nicolas est une figure des plus populaires, et ce dès le Moyen âge. Il a inspiré de nombreuses légendes ou miracles qui lui sont attribués. Ce concert nous présentera quelques uns des fleurons de la littérature médiévale dédiée à ce saint dans le répertoire liturgique et en particuliers dans deux drames liturgiques composés à l’abbaye de Fleury sur Loire au XIIe siècle.

 

La légende de saint Nicolas

La célèbre « légende dorée », rédigée vers le milieu du XIIIe siècle par Jacques de Voragine, décrit de nombreux miracles attribués à saint Nicolas, contribuant certainement à la grande popularité dont jouit le saint encore aujourd’hui.

Le concert que nous propose la Maîtrise Notre-Dame de Paris et son Département de Musique Médiévale représente, en un spectacle unique, l’un de ces miracles attribués au célèbre thaumaturge. Il s’agit du récit de l’enlèvement d’un enfant par un roi sanguinaire, et de sa délivrance par l’intercession directe de saint Nicolas. Les différents lieux de l’histoire sont figurés par différents emplacements au sein de la cathédrale, favorisant ainsi une véritable mise en espace.

Dans une ville, appelé Excoranda, on célèbre la fête patronale en l’honneur de saint Nicolas. Vont alterner, en cette première partie, offices, processions et danses instrumentales, pèlerinages et dévotions, et même une représentation publique d’un miracle de saint Nicolas : l’histoire d’un riche marchant retrouvant son bien dérobé, grâce à l’intervention du saint.

La seconde partie du concert représente l’enlèvement à proprement parler de l’enfant. Le roi Marmorinus envoie ses gardes. Ceux-ci surprennent une procession des enfants d’Excoranda et enlèvent l’un d’entre eux, Adeodatus fils de Gédron. Après avoir comparu devant le roi, il est fait esclave. Pendant ce temps, Euphrosine, la mère d’Adeodatus, entonne une longue et superbe déploration qui, sous l’impulsion de consolatrices et de Gédron, son mari, se transforme en invocation puis en prière à saint Nicolas. Tandis que, comme œuvre charitable, Euphrosine offre à manger aux pauvres et aux enfants de la ville, nous sommes transposés dans le palais de Marmorinus qui, également, se prépare à manger. C’est au cours de ce repas qu’Adeodatus sera enlevé par saint Nicolas pour être restitué à ses parents. S’en suivent alors les réjouissances finales en l’honneur de saint Nicolas.

Ce spectacle est construit à partir de différentes musiques du moyen âge, du Chant grégorien jusqu’à l’École de Notre-Dame (polyphonies et rondeaux), en passant par quelques danses instrumentales des XIIIe et XIVe siècles, et par deux Drames liturgiques du XIIe siècle. Les instruments médiévaux, se mêleront également aux voix, non seulement pour accompagner des rondeaux ou autres pièces dansantes, mais également pour soutenir et différencier les principaux personnages.

 

Sylvain DIEUDONNÉ

After studying violin at the Conservatoire National de Région de Versailles, Sylvain Dini joined the Conservatoire national Supérieur de Musique de Paris in 1988, where he won six first prizes: harmony, counterpoint, Fugue, orchestration, analysis and finally Gregorian Choir direction that will soon become its specialty. He deepened the study of Gregorian chant, including Canon Jean Janneteau and the Fathers Dom Jean Claire and Dom Saulnier of the Atelier de musical palaeographic study of the Abbey of Saint Pierre de Solesmes. Finally, for some years he has specialized in medieval vielle with bow.

He has been a professor of analysis and writing at the Vichy National School of Music for ten years. Appointed in 1994 as head of choir at Notre-Dame de Paris, he has in charge the department of Medieval Music: pedagogy, research, concerts at Notre-Dame de Paris and finally liturgy with the Gregorian mass which he directs every week at Notre-Dame de Paris, Offering continuity and permanence of this repertoire in the first cathedral of France. He also takes responsibility for artistic programming for medieval music as part of the concert season at Notre-Dame de Paris.

In the context of the development of the activities of the Department of Medieval Music and the teaching that it provides to the various choirs that make up the master's degree Notre-Dame de Paris (children, young Ensemble, adults) it sets up partnerships with Musicians and ensembles, such as Brigitte Lesne and ensemble Alla Francesca, Dominique Vellard, Marie-Noel Colette, Antoine Guerber and ensemble Diabolus in Musica or Jean-Yves hameline.

Sylvain Dini combines his work as a conductor of choir and pedagogue and as a researcher. A large part of his work is devoted to the study of manuscripts, where a place of choice is reserved for the repertoire of the School of Notre-Dame. He carried out an important work of restitution of works which took place both in the programmes of concerts which he directed at Notre-Dame de Paris but also everywhere in France and abroad, as in the record recordings which he directed. His research work was also hailed in 1994 by a first prize in the class of musical civilization at the Conservatoire National de Paris region with a dissertation on the restitution and analysis of Gregorian pieces of the feast of the presentation of Jesus at the Temple. This work gave rise, in 1997, to a recording with the mastery of Notre-Dame de Paris entitled Hypapante (5 Diapasons, 9 repertoire). In 2005, still with the master's degree Notre-Dame de Paris, he recorded a record devoted to the Marian repertoire Mater Dulcissima, which was hailed by critics, notably by the International journal Golberg.

He recently recorded with the Gregorian Ensemble of the master's degree Notre-Dame de Paris, a disc dedicated to the own repertoire of the Cathedral of Notre-Dame in the early 13th century, Surrexit Christus (Vespers and Easter Procession) fruit of a work of Search for several years. The exit is planned at the beginning of 2010 at Hortus.

 

Sacred Music at Notre-Dame de Paris

Import-1184. jpgMusic has always been an integral part of the life of Notre-Dame de Paris Cathedral. It was at that time that the arches were raised in the sky to form the choir of the church, which was born in the school of Notre-Dame and its large polyphonys. The audacity of the cathedral builders responded to that of the musicians. Since then, the musical tradition of Notre-Dame de Paris has maintained itself at the highest level and each generation has come to bring its stone to the prestigious building that constitutes the musical history of the cathedral.

Aware of this secular heritage, the national and international influence of the activities and the excellence of the training provided by the master's degree Notre-Dame de Paris, the state, the city of Paris and the diocesan Association of Paris decided In 1991 to create the Association sacred Music in Notre-Dame de Paris.

Responsible for the artistic and administrative coordination of all musical aspects of the cathedral, sacred music in Notre-Dame de Paris has for essential missions the musical teaching and the training of singers, the musical animation of Liturgical celebrations of the cathedral, the organization of concerts and hearings, the musicology research around the heritage of Notre-Dame de Paris, the diffusion and musical creation.

A very complete vocal and instrumental device is implemented at the service of these missions. The central element is the master's degree Notre-Dame de Paris, composed of several ensembles (children's choir, young ensemble, Adult choir in professional formation, Gregorian Ensemble), to which are occasionally joined by baroque orchestras or Symphonic. The great organ, the choir organ and the team of organists attached to them are also major actors.

The concert season, the organ hearings on Sunday afternoon, the reception each year of fifty choirs from around the world, as well as the daily presence of the music at Notre-Dame de Paris, testify to a requirement of musical quality in Harmony with the exceptional vocation of this high place.

 

Find all the concerts of the 2010-2011 season By clicking here.

 

Light a candle at Notre-Dame